Hanumatodi, more popularly known as Todi, (pronounced hanumatodi and todi) is a ragam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is the 8th melakarta ragam (parent scale) in the 72 melakarta ragam system. This is sung very often in concerts. It is known to be a difficult ragam to perform in owing to its complexity in prayoga (phrases of notes and intonation). It is called Janatodi in Muthuswami Dikshitar school of Carnatic music.
Todi in Carnatic music, is different from Todi (thaat) of Hindustani music (North Indian classical music). The equivalent of the Hindustani raga Todi in Carnatic music is Shubhapantuvarali (which is the 45th melakarta). The equivalent of Carnatic Todi in Hindustani is Bhairavi thaat
Structure and Lakshana
It is the 2nd ragam in the 2nd chakra Netra. The mnemonic name is Netra-Sri. The mnemonic phrase is sa ra gi ma pa dha ni.
Its aroha?a-avaroha?a structure is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music page for details on below notation and terms):
aroha?a : S R1 G2 M1 P D1 N2 S
avaroha?a : S N2 D1 P M1 G2 R1 S
This scale uses the notes shuddha rishabham, sadharana gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, shuddha dhaivatham and kaisiki nishadham. It is a sampoorna ragam - ragam having all 7 swarams.
It is the shuddha madhyamam equivalent of Bhavapriya, which is the 44th melakarta scale. A peculiarity of this raga is that it is sung in all lower notes.
Hanumatodi has a quite a few janya ragams (derived scales) associated with it, of which Asaveri, Bhupalam, Dhanyasi, Punnagavarali and Shuddha Seemandhini are popular.
Related ragams :
This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this ragam.
Todi's notes when shifted using Graha bhedam, yields 5 other major melakarta ragams, namely, Kalyani, Shankarabharanam, Natabhairavi, Kharaharapriya and Harikambhoji.