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tODi

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8 hanumatODi mEla

A: S R1 G2 M1 P D1 N2 S

Av: S N2 D1 P M1 G2 R1 S

Hanumatodi, more popularly known as Todi, (pronounced hanumatodi and todi) is a ragam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is the 8th melakarta ragam (parent scale) in the 72 melakarta ragam system. This is sung very often in concerts. It is known to be a difficult ragam to perform in owing to its complexity in prayoga (phrases of notes and intonation). It is called Janatodi in Muthuswami Dikshitar school of Carnatic music.

Todi in Carnatic music, is different from Todi (thaat) of Hindustani music (North Indian classical music). The equivalent of the Hindustani raga Todi in Carnatic music is Shubhapantuvarali (which is the 45th melakarta). The equivalent of Carnatic Todi in Hindustani is Bhairavi thaat

Structure and Lakshana

It is the 2nd ragam in the 2nd chakra Netra. The mnemonic name is Netra-Sri. The mnemonic phrase is sa ra gi ma pa dha ni. Its aroha?a-avaroha?a structure is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music page for details on below notation and terms):

aroha?a : S R1 G2 M1 P D1 N2 S

avaroha?a : S N2 D1 P M1 G2 R1 S

This scale uses the notes shuddha rishabham, sadharana gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, shuddha dhaivatham and kaisiki nishadham. It is a sampoorna ragam - ragam having all 7 swarams. It is the shuddha madhyamam equivalent of Bhavapriya, which is the 44th melakarta scale. A peculiarity of this raga is that it is sung in all lower notes.

Janya ragams

Hanumatodi has a quite a few janya ragams (derived scales) associated with it, of which Asaveri, Bhupalam, Dhanyasi, Punnagavarali and Shuddha Seemandhini are popular.

Related ragams :

This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this ragam.

Todi's notes when shifted using Graha bhedam, yields 5 other major melakarta ragams, namely, Kalyani, Shankarabharanam, Natabhairavi, Kharaharapriya and Harikambhoji.





Compositions on tODi Raga:

S.No.CompositionComposer
1. amba nadu Pallavi Gopala Iyer
2. AnjanAnandam Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
3. annaiyargaL Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
4. aNNamalai appanEy Sudhananda Bharathi
5. appanE Koteeswara Iyer
6. AragimpavE Thyagaraja
7. bhagaLaa dhEviya Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
8. bhArati mAmava Swathi Thirunal
9. brindaavana lOla Thyagaraja
10. chEsinadella Thyagaraja
11. daasharathee Thyagaraja
12. dAsharthE dayAnidhE Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
13. dEva dEva mAm Swathi Thirunal
14. dhaachukO valenaa Thyagaraja
15. dhEvi padham paNindhEn Papanasam Sivan
16. dhorakunaa ani Thyagaraja
17. Ehi mudam mama dEhi jaganmOhana mAm pAhi Narayana Theerthar
18. Emani maaTaaDitivO Thyagaraja
19. Emi jEsitE Thyagaraja
20. endhuku dhayaraadhuraa Thyagaraja
21. endu daaginaaDO Thyagaraja
22. endu daaginaaDO Thyagaraja
23. EningE vandu Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
24. evaru teliyaka Thyagaraja
25. gandhava Atmaja Walajapet Venkatramana Bhagavatar
26. gangeyaNi Papanasam Sivan
27. gathi neevani Thyagaraja
28. hariyanu vaani Thyagaraja
29. japatha japatha hari nAma Iraiyamman Thampi
30. jaTaadara sankara Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
31. Jayadeva Ashtapathi 05 - Sancarad Adhara or Raase Harimiha Jayadeva
32. kaarthikEya gaangEya Papanasam Sivan
33. kaDaikkaN nOkki Papanasam Sivan
34. kaDatEra raadaa Thyagaraja
35. kaddhanuvaariki Thyagaraja
36. kali theerumO Papanasam Sivan
37. kali thira Koteeswara Iyer
38. karuNa jUDavamma Thyagaraja
39. koluvamare gada Thyagaraja
40. kOTi naadalu Thyagaraja
41. kunRan kuDi Papanasam Sivan
42. maa mahaabaaratha Narayana Theerthar
43. madava harE Tulasi Vanam
44. mama kulEsvaram G N Balasubramaniam
45. manamaDanguvadE Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
46. minalOchani ambaa Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
47. munnuraavaNa Thyagaraja
48. naTaraaja saraNam Sudhananda Bharathi
49. nE morabeTTitE Thyagaraja
50. nee dhaya raavalegaaka Thyagaraja
51. neevaNTi dheivamunu Thyagaraja
52. ninne nOdi Purandara Dasar
53. ninnuvinA sukhamugAna Thyagaraja
54. pacchaiyAna Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
55. pathitha pavana raama Papanasam Sivan
56. produ poyenu Thyagaraja
57. ra ra vAsudhEva Walajapet Venkatramana Bhagavatar
58. raajagOpala dhEvaadhi dhEvanE Papanasam Sivan
59. raamaa dhaivashikhaamaNi Bhadrachala Ramadasar
60. raamachandraaya namasthE Muthuswami Dikshitar
61. rAsa lOka Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
62. rE maanasa chintayE Thyagaraja
63. sadhA bajimpavE Thyagaraja
64. sadhu sangam Papanasam Sivan
65. shaaradha dhEviyE Sudhananda Bharathi
66. shabhari giri vaasa K Ramaraj
67. sharaNagatha vidayE Tulasi Vanam
68. shri shuba hamsa Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
69. siddi vinaayakam Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
70. taayE yashOdaa Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
71. tannam taniyAgha Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
72. tappi bratiki Thyagaraja
73. thamasam En swami Papanasam Sivan
74. thanigai vaLar Papanasam Sivan
75. tillaana (dheem dheem dheem dhirana) Spencer R Venugopal
76. uNDu kuladheiva raaman Papanasam Sivan
77. urugAda manam Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
78. vandavarai Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
79. veDalenu kOdaNDapANi Thyagaraja
80. vENugAna ramaNA Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
81. yamuni bAdalaku Walajapet Venkatramana Bhagavatar





Film songs on tODi Raga:

S.No.SongsMovieLanguage
1. aananda rahasiyamE vElaikkaari Tamil
2. bharata samudayam vaazhgavE Tamil
3. ellaam shivan seyalenru eNNi manadil shivakavi Tamil
4. ennaippOl peNNallavO ulaga iruL vaNagaamuDi Tamil
5. Gangaikarai Mannanadi Varusham 16 Tamil
6. kaNDE inren kaliyum teerndadE Ekanaadar Tamil
7. kangaikkarai mannanaDi varusham 16 Tamil
8. maadarenrulagil piranduviTTaalE dugaaraam Tamil
9. neeyE gadi eeshwari vaNanggaamudi Tamil
10. paaril nal vazhi katti Tamil
11. tODiyil paaDuginrEn ODi nee varuvaay murugaa tODi raagam Tamil
12. yaarO vandenniru kaN pottinaar kannigaa Tamil

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