Madhyamavati (madhyamavati) is a raga in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is an audava raga (or owdava raga, meaning pentatonic scale). It is a janya raga (derived scale), as it does not have all the seven musical notes (swaras). The equivalent of Madhyamavati in Hindustani music is Madhumad Sarang.
It is considered a very auspicious ragam and every Carnatic music concert ends with either a song in Madhyamavati or the ending of the last song is sung in this ragam. It is very suitable for elaboration and exploration due to even spacing of notes. The scale uses the first three notes of the cycle of fifths S, P and R2 and fourths S, M1 and N2.
Structure and Lakshana
Madhyamavati is a symmetric ragam that does not contain gandharam or dhaivatam. It is a pentatonic scale (audava-audava ragam in Carnatic music classification - audava meaning 'of 5'). Its aroha?a-avaroha?a structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):
aroha?a : S R2 M1 P N2 S avaroha?a : S N2 P M1 R2 S
This scale uses the notes chatushruti rishabham, shuddha madhyamam, panchamam and kaisiki nishadam. Madhyamavati is considered a janya ragam of Kharaharapriya, the 22nd Melakarta ragam, though it can be derived from other melakarta ragams, Charukesi, Natabhairavi or Harikambhoji, by dropping both gandharam and dhaivatam.
Madhyamavati ragam lends itself for extensive elaboration and exploration and has many compositions. Here are some popular kritis composed in this scale. Bhagyada Lakshmi Baaramma by Purandara Dasaru in Kannada Adivo Alladivo by Annamacharya in Telugu Allagallalla, Nadupai and Muchchada brahma and Rama Katha Sudha by Tyagaraja in Telugu Dharmasamvardhini by Muthuswami Dikshitar in Sanskrit Palimsu kamakshi by Shyama Sastri in Telugu Ramabhirama by Mysore Vasudevachar Saravanabhava and Karpagame kan by Papanasam Sivan Kosalendra mamavamita by Swati tirunal