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madyamAvati

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22 kharaharapriya janya

A: S R2 M1 P N2 S

Av: S N2 P M1 R2 S

Madhyamavati (madhyamavati) is a raga in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is an audava raga (or owdava raga, meaning pentatonic scale). It is a janya raga (derived scale), as it does not have all the seven musical notes (swaras). The equivalent of Madhyamavati in Hindustani music is Madhumad Sarang.

It is considered a very auspicious ragam and every Carnatic music concert ends with either a song in Madhyamavati or the ending of the last song is sung in this ragam. It is very suitable for elaboration and exploration due to even spacing of notes. The scale uses the first three notes of the cycle of fifths S, P and R2 and fourths S, M1 and N2.

Structure and Lakshana

Madhyamavati is a symmetric ragam that does not contain gandharam or dhaivatam. It is a pentatonic scale (audava-audava ragam in Carnatic music classification - audava meaning 'of 5'). Its aroha?a-avaroha?a structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

aroha?a : S R2 M1 P N2 S avaroha?a : S N2 P M1 R2 S

This scale uses the notes chatushruti rishabham, shuddha madhyamam, panchamam and kaisiki nishadam. Madhyamavati is considered a janya ragam of Kharaharapriya, the 22nd Melakarta ragam, though it can be derived from other melakarta ragams, Charukesi, Natabhairavi or Harikambhoji, by dropping both gandharam and dhaivatam.

Popular compositions

Madhyamavati ragam lends itself for extensive elaboration and exploration and has many compositions. Here are some popular kritis composed in this scale. Bhagyada Lakshmi Baaramma by Purandara Dasaru in Kannada Adivo Alladivo by Annamacharya in Telugu Allagallalla, Nadupai and Muchchada brahma and Rama Katha Sudha by Tyagaraja in Telugu Dharmasamvardhini by Muthuswami Dikshitar in Sanskrit Palimsu kamakshi by Shyama Sastri in Telugu Ramabhirama by Mysore Vasudevachar Saravanabhava and Karpagame kan by Papanasam Sivan Kosalendra mamavamita by Swati tirunal





Compositions on madyamAvati Raga:

S.No.CompositionComposer
1. aanandha poorNa Sadaashiva Bruhmendrar
2. aDadhu ashangadhu va Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
3. aDaikalam aDaikalam Ambujam Krishnan
4. ADaro pADarO Annamacharya
5. adhivO alladhivO Annamacharya
6. aDigi sukhamu Thyagaraja
7. akilANDa naayaka Tulasi Vanam
8. alakalalla Thyagaraja
9. alara chanchala maina Annamacharya
10. Ana maTTum Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
11. andarikAdhAra Annamacharya
12. anrE nAn Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
13. Ashaiyinaip-pAraDi Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
14. chaphalamu mAni Walajapet Venkatramana Bhagavatar
15. chittaja guruDA Annamacharya
16. chooDaramma satulAla Annamacharya
17. dharma samvarttaini Muthuswami Dikshitar
18. dhEva sri thapastheerthapura Thyagaraja
19. eeDagu penDli Annamacharya
20. engE engEyaDi Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
21. evaricciriraa Thyagaraja
22. geetaamudamE Koteeswara Iyer
23. gOvindhamiha gOpikaa Narayana Theerthar
24. gurunaatan avanE Sudhananda Bharathi
25. jagadeeSam paSyata suravanitA Narayana Theerthar
26. Jaya mangaLamu Annamacharya
27. Jayadeva Ashtapathi 22 - Radha Vadana or Harimeka Rasam Jayadeva
28. kaNNara kaNDu Sudhananda Bharathi
29. karpagamE Papanasam Sivan
30. krishNaa paahi Sadaashiva Bruhmendrar
31. lakshmi kaLyANam Annamacharya
32. mikkili nErpari Annamacharya
33. muccaTa brahmaadulaku Thyagaraja
34. naadupai balikEru Thyagaraja
35. nagumOmu galavaani Thyagaraja
36. naLina lOcana Thyagaraja
37. Oh ragunandhanA Bhadrachala Ramadasar
38. paahi raama prabO Bhadrachala Ramadasar
39. paalayamaam sree Bhadrachala Ramadasar
40. paalinchu kaamaakSi shyama shastri
41. pEsaadE pOngaLaDi Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
42. pEshAdE pOngaLaDi Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
43. raama kathaa Thyagaraja
44. raama naamam bhajarE Thyagaraja
45. raama sudhaambudhi Bhadrachala Ramadasar
46. raamaa sameyamu Thyagaraja
47. samajavaragamana saakEthavasa Papanasam Sivan
48. shankari shrI (eighth AvaraNam) Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
49. sharaguna nanEla (varaNam) Tiruvottiyur Tyagayya
50. sharaNu sharaNu Thyagaraja
51. sharavaNa bava guhanE Papanasam Sivan
52. shree paramEshvara Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
53. shree raamacandranukku Arunachala Kavi
54. shri raama jaya Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
55. srI raama jayaraama shringaara Thyagaraja
56. srI raama jayaraama shringaara Thyagaraja
57. srI raama jayaraama shringaara Thyagaraja
58. sundara nandakumAra Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
59. uyyAla bAlu noochedaru Annamacharya
60. vandaan vandaan Arunachala Kavi
61. venkaTEsha ninnu Thyagaraja
62. vinayakuni valenu Thyagaraja





Film songs on madyamAvati Raga:

S.No.SongsMovieLanguage
1. aagaaya pandalile pon oonjal Tamil
2. aahaya gangai dharma yudam Tamil
3. ambavaa shree kaamaakshi bombay sahOdarigaL Tamil
4. ananda tEn sindum maN vaasanai Tamil
5. Columbus Jeans Tamil
6. daagam edukkira enakkaagakkaattiru Tamil
7. en kalyaaNa vybOgam azhagE unnai Tamil
8. gangai yamunai Tamil
9. idu kuzhandai paaDum taalaaTTu orutalai raagam Tamil
10. ingum angum engum inbamE raajamukti Tamil
11. janaardhanaa jagannaataa meeraa Tamil
12. kaadal ennai kaadalikkavillai kodi parakkaTTum Tamil
13. kaaTRinilE varum geetam kaaTRinilE varum geetam Tamil
14. kalankalamai kaaNbOmE karpoora deepam Tamil
15. kaNDEn engum pookkaL naaTTiyam kaaTRinilE varum geetam Tamil
16. kaNgaL engE nenjamum engE karNan Tamil
17. kuyilE kuyilE kuyilakka aan paavam Tamil
18. muttukkaLO kaNgaL nenjirukkum varai Tamil
19. nee taanE endan ninaivellaam nitya Tamil
20. poongaaTrE konjam nillu Tamil
21. poyyinri meyyODu neykoNDu sharaNam ayyappaa Tamil
22. selai kattum ponnukkoru kodi parakkaTTum Tamil
23. sembaruttip peNNorutti raman abdullaah Tamil
24. shree raama ragukula naayakaa navajeevanam Tamil
25. sOlaikkuyile kaalaikkatire poNNu oorukku pudisu Tamil
26. taalaaTTu piLLai ennai taalaaTTu accani Tamil
27. tirumaal perumaikku iNaiyEdu tirumaal perumai Tamil
28. tulli tulli nee padamma cirpikkul muttu Tamil
29. veNNilavu kodippadenna cinna maappiLai Tamil

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