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bilahari

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29 dhIra shankarAbharaNam janya

A: S R2 G3 P D2 S

Av: S N3 D2 P M1 G3 R2 S

Bilahari is a ragam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is a janya ragam (derived scale) from the 29th melakarta scale Shankarabharanam. It is a janya scale, as it does not have all the seven swaras (musical notes) in the ascending scale. It is a combination of the pentatonic scale Mohanam and the sampurna raga scale Shankarabharanam. It is a morning ragam.

Structure and Lakshana

Bilahari is an asymmetric ragam that does not contain madhyamam or nishadham in the ascending scale. It is an audava-sampurna ragam (or owdava ragam, meaning pentatonic ascending scale). Its aroha?a-avaroha?a structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows:

aroha?a : S R2 G3 P D2 Savaroha?a : S N3 D2 P M1 G3 R2 S

The notes used in this scale are shadjam, chathusruthi rishabham, antara gandhara, panchamam and chathusruthi dhaivatham in ascending scale, with kakali nishadham and shuddha madhyamam included in descending scale. For the details of the notations and terms, see swaras in Carnatic music.This ragam also uses kaisiki nishadham (N2) as an external note (anya swara) in the descending scale. Hence it is considered a bhashanga ragam, a scale with notes external to the parent scale.

Popular compositions

There are many compositions set to Bilahari ragam. Here are some popular kritis composed in Bilahari.Na jeevadhara, Dorakuna ituvanti and Kanukontini composed by TyagarajaSri Balasubramanya by Muthuswami DikshitarParithana michite by Patnam Subramania IyerSri Chamundeshwari by Mysore Vasudevacharya who was a student of Patnam Subramania IyerSmara sada by Maharaja Swathi ThirunalNeetone aagena sangeetham by Ilayaraja





Compositions on bilahari Raga:

S.No.CompositionComposer
1. ahObalESwaruDu Annamacharya
2. aparadhiyagu nadhu Walajapet Venkatramana Bhagavatar
3. aruL paarayyaa Koteeswara Iyer
4. bhAvayE hrudayAravinde tAvaka pAdaravindE Narayana Theerthar
5. chEri koluvarO Annamacharya
6. chittam magizhvithiDudu Papanasam Sivan
7. dhIm tattara tAni -Tillaanaa Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar
8. dhorakunaa iTuvanTi sEva Thyagaraja
9. ee mATA vini Annamacharya
10. eetaDE haruDu Annamacharya
11. gOvindaraja perumahan Sudhananda Bharathi
12. ini namakku oru Koteeswara Iyer
13. inthakannaanandham Thyagaraja
14. Jayadeva Ashtapathi 09 - Radhika Krishna or Stana Vinihitam Jayadeva
15. kaaNbadeppO Ambujam Krishnan
16. kaNNait-tirandu Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
17. kanugoNTini Thyagaraja
18. karpagaambikE Papanasam Sivan
19. koLLAda Ashai Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
20. kOri vaccitinayya Thyagaraja
21. maamayoorameedilEri Mazhavai Chidambara Bharati
22. mahaakaaLi Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
23. mandara dhara Annamacharya
24. nAga naTanam Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
25. nAjIvadhAra Thyagaraja
26. nanda nandana gOpAla jaya Narayana Theerthar
27. narasimhA Thyagaraja
28. narulAra Annamacharya
29. navarasamula Annamacharya
30. ninringunnaruL Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
31. nivEgaani nanevaru Thyagaraja
32. pari pOvalera Pattabiramayya
33. paridhaanamiccithE Patnam Subramania Iyer
34. pooraya mama kAmam gopAla pooraya mama kAmam Narayana Theerthar
35. ra ra raghuveerA Walajapet Venkatramana Bhagavatar
36. saarasa dhaLa Tiruvottiyur Tyagayya
37. santatam aham (first AvaraNam) Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
38. sarasiruha nayanaa Thyagaraja
39. senthAmarai pAdhanE K Ramaraj
40. shipivishhTham Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
41. shri chamunDEshwari Mysore Vasudacharya
42. sOdhana sEyakavE Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
43. Songpuraya mama kaamam Narayana Theerthar
44. swaamy unRan charaNam Papanasam Sivan
45. thOli janmamuna Thyagaraja
46. thU thU thU thU engaL Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
47. vaa sharavaNabhavaa Koteeswara Iyer
48. vandaduvum pOnaduvum Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer





Film songs on bilahari Raga:

S.No.SongsMovieLanguage
1. aaDuvOm vaareer viLaiyaaDuvOm kannigaa Tamil
2. ini manakkoru kOTeeswarayyar Tamil
3. jaya viTTala jaya viTTala dugaaraam Tamil
4. kanavil kaNDEnE kaNNan mEl krishnabhakti Tamil
5. koondalilE mEgam vandu Balanahamma Tamil
6. maaman veedu ellaam inba mayam Tamil
7. Nee Ondru Dhaan Sangeetham Unnal Mudiyum Thambi Tamil
8. orumaiyuDan konjum salangai Tamil
9. saarasa taLajayan tiruvenTRiyoor tyaagaraajar Tamil
10. shreehari maadavanE kalyaaNa Ekanaatar Tamil

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