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bhairavi

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20 naTabhairavi janya

A: S R2 G2 M1 P D2 N2 S

Av: S N2 D1 P M1 G2 R2 S

Bhairavi is a janya ragam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). Though it is a sampoorna ragam (scale having all 7 notes), it has two different dhaivathams in its scale making it a Bhashanga Ragam, and hence is not classified as a melakarta ragam (parent scale). This is one of the ancient ragams, said to have been prevalent about 1500 years ago. There are numerous compositions in this ragam. Though a Raga called Bhairavi also exists in Hindusthani music, it is very different from the Carnatic version.Hindusthani's Bhairavi, in terms of its aroha and avaroha alone, corresponds to Carnatic music's Thodi.

Structure and Lakshana

It is considered a janya of the 20th melakarta Natabhairavi. Its aroha?a-avaroha?a structure is as follows (see swaras of Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

aroha?a: S G2 R2 G2 M1 P D2 N2 Savaroha?a: S N2 D1 P M1 G2 R2 S

The other set of aroha?a and avaroha?a used is:

aroha?a: S R2 G2 M1 P D2 N2 Savaroha?a:S N2 D1 P M1 G2 R2 S

The notes used are chathusruthi rishabham, sadharana gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, chathusruthi dhaivatham & shuddha dhaivatham and kaishika nishadham. Note the use of both dhaivathams, chathusruthi (D2) in aroha?a and shuddha (D1) in avaroha?a. While a janya of Natabhairavi melam, Bhairavi takes the anya swaram D2 in the ascent in the phrase P D2 N2 S. In descent as well as in the phrase P D N D P the D1 of the parent scale is used. Only R2 and M1 can be prolonged without gamakam. In the ascent G2 is held in conjunction with R2 with short or wide range of oscillation-the later as S G R G M. The gamakam on G ends in R. In descent the phrase M P G R is also used and G2 slides from M1 and oscillates. The phrase S G R G in the ascent and the ending of gamakam on G at R help to avoid flavour of Kharaharapriya which does not use S G R G and in which gamakam on G can end in G itself. Bhairavi is distinguished from Mukhaari by the use of the phrases P D2 N2 S and S G2 R2 G2 M1. The deft use of gamakams in handling G2 N2 D2 and D1 gives the raagam its flavour.

Elaboration and related ragas

Bhairavi is one of the most popular ragas on the concert stage, due to its very wide scope for improvisation. This raga can be elaborated to beautiful effect in all three sthayis,but shines particularly well in the upper madhya and thara sthayis. The nishada, an important jeeva swara, can be rendered with varying degrees of gamaka, depending on which daivatha is used. The weight of this raga and the lack of vakra sancharas make brighas and slower phrases equally appealing. This characteristic also means that the raga is well-suited to thanam, kanakku, and sarvalaghu swaras. Bhairavi is also one of the most common ragas in which ragam-thanam-pallavi is rendered, due to the scope for elaboration. There is a near-infinite number of compositions in this raga, which can be sung at any time of day.Ragas which have similar murchanas and/or anya swara patterns to Bhairavi include Manji, Mukhari, and Huseni.





Compositions on bhairavi Raga:

S.No.CompositionComposer
1. alaiyamal paarumayya Sudhananda Bharathi
2. AnandamAnandamAyenu Thyagaraja
3. andi nEram Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
4. bhairavi paramEsvari Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
5. chooDuDindariki Annamacharya
6. deena dayaaLO Bhadrachala Ramadasar
7. EdaDi EdaDi Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
8. EnaaTi nOmu palamO Thyagaraja
9. enda samarttai Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
10. ettanai kETTAlum Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
11. gathi vErevar ammA G N Balasubramaniam
12. indhu enagE Raghavendra Swamy
13. indukaa puTTincitivi Thyagaraja
14. intha paraaku nivE G N Balasubramaniam
15. Jayadeva Ashtapathi 02 - Shrita Kamala or Jaya Jaya Deva Hare Jayadeva
16. kaamaakshee shyama shastri
17. karpagavalliyun porpadham Lalita Dasa
18. kavalai paDaadE manamE Sudhananda Bharathi
19. koluvaiyunnaaDE Thyagaraja
20. koluvaiyunnaaDE Thyagaraja
21. lOla gOpa bAla Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
22. mamava mahEsvari Tulasi Vanam
23. manruLADi magizhndE Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
24. mrgapaaNE Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
25. mukhatthai kaTTiyE Papanasam Mudaliyar
26. mundi varum Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
27. muttivarum Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
28. naatha brOvavE Thyagaraja
29. namamulanu sEyarE Walajapet Venkatramana Bhagavatar
30. namminavaarini Thyagaraja
31. nee gadhiyaladhu Papanasam Sivan
32. nee paadamulE gathiyani Patnam Subramania Iyer
33. nee paadhamE Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
34. neevaNTi dheivamu Thyagaraja
35. nijamaithE mundhara Thyagaraja
36. ninnane nambi Purandara Dasar
37. Odi baarayya Purandara Dasar
38. paramiha paSyata poorusham sweekruta Narayana Theerthar
39. paSyata paSyata bhagavantamgOpa Narayana Theerthar
40. pratyakshamugA rA rA Walajapet Venkatramana Bhagavatar
41. ra ra dasarata Walajapet Venkatramana Bhagavatar
42. raamaa kOdhaNDarAma raamaa Thyagaraja
43. raamaa ravikulasOmaa Koteeswara Iyer
44. raksha bettarE Thyagaraja
45. rAma krishNa gOvindEti Narayana Theerthar
46. saamee nenaruna (swarajathi) Walajapet Venkatramana Bhagavatar
47. saDi beTTe Annamacharya
48. sarva antharyaami ni Thyagaraja
49. shAnthamAga un Sudhananda Bharathi
50. srI naaradha gururaaya Thyagaraja
51. sri raama Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
52. srI raguvara suguNaalaya Thyagaraja
53. sri shaNmukam Papanasam Sivan
54. tanayantE prEma Thyagaraja
55. tanayuni brOva Thyagaraja
56. thayE Ezaipal Papanasam Sivan
57. thayE saraNam Sudhananda Bharathi
58. thillai naTarajanE Sudhananda Bharathi
59. vanda pOdum Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
60. vElavanE umai thEDi Ghanam Krishna Iyer
61. viSwaroopam Annamacharya
62. yaarO ivar yaarO Arunachala Kavi





Film songs on bhairavi Raga:

S.No.SongsMovieLanguage
1. inbam ooTTiDum aanandam raajakumaari Tamil
2. kizhakku paravai mErkil parakkudu tisaimaariya paravaigaL Tamil
3. paadamulE patna subramanya aiyyar Tamil
4. solla vallaayO kiLiyE solla nee vallaayO kavarimaan Tamil
5. taayE bhairaviyE maamaayE kannigaa Tamil
6. tEDi vandEn Tamil
7. tirupaarkaDalil paLLi konDaye swami ayyapan Tamil
8. Unai Kandu Mayangadha Veetukku Veedu Vaasappadi Tamil
9. undan meedE kaadal koNDEn Ezhai uzhavan Tamil
10. undanukkOr iNai yaavar ulagil manOnmaNi Tamil
11. unnai kaNDu mayangaada pErgaLuNDO asOkkumaar Tamil

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