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Arabi

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29 dIra shankarAbharaNam janya

A: S R2 M1 P D2 S

Av: S N3 D2 P M1 G3 R2 S

Arabhi or Aarabhi (pronounced arabhi) is a ragam (musical scale) in Carnatic music (South Indian classical music). It is a Janya raga (derived scale), whose Melakarta raga (parent scale, also known as janaka) is Shankarabharanam, 29th in the 72 Melakarta raga system. Arabhi is a raga that dates back to 7 AD. Originally, it was called as pazhanthakkam in Ancient Tamil music. Then it was sung in a mixed variation of Devagandhari and Arabhi that is in use currently. These two ragas are clearly distinguishable in current form.

Structure and Lakshana

Its aroha?a-avaroha?a structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

aroha?a : S R2 M1 P D2 Savaroha?a : S N3 D2 P M1 G3 R2 S

Arabhi raga is an Owdava-sampoorna raga meaning, 5 swaras occur in the arohana (so it is called Owdava) and in avarohana all swaras occur (so sampoorna).It is a raga without much gamakas and frequency variations, relying instead on flat notes. The important point is the swara "ga" always comes very close to "ma" so when we sing the phrase "ma ga ri it sounds like "ma ma ri". Likewise the swara "ni" always comes very close to the swara "sa" hence when we sing the phrase "sa ni da" it sounds like "sa sa da".[citation needed] The closest raga to this one is Devangandhari. There are few aspects which make Arabhi different (though both share the same ascending and descending scale, in terms of basic notation).

In Arabhi the swara "ga" is close to "ma" but in Devagandhari it is not the same.The swara "ri" is not fluctuated in Arabhi but it is given "asaivu" in DevagandhariThe phrase "pa ma da sa" should not be sung in Arabhi, as it is exclusive for DevagandhariDevagandhari is sung with gamakas and vilambita kala prayogas (usages with elongated notes)Devagandhari is sung with deergha gandharam (elongated G3)Arabhi raga is a very energetic and it lends itself to creativity in brigas (fast paced swara usages) more than gamakas.

Popular compositions

The 3rd of Pancharatna Kritis (five gems of compositions), Sadhinchanae by Saint Thyagaraja is a famous composition set in Arabhi raga. Here we can note that Thyagaraja uses phraseslike "sa sa da" in the charanam although there are phrases like "sa ni da" also





Compositions on Arabi Raga:

S.No.CompositionComposer
1. adhi purIshvaram Muthuswami Dikshitar
2. aDugu varamula Thyagaraja
3. amba ninnu nammiti Thyagaraja
4. anantha padmanaabam Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
5. anarAdu Annamacharya
6. anda naL ini varumO Sudhananda Bharathi
7. AnjanEya anilaja Annamacharya
8. Araginchi koochunnADu Annamacharya
9. AsirvAdam tharuvai Sudhananda Bharathi
10. AzhAzhi nIla Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
11. bajarE chEtha Tulasi Vanam
12. caala kallalaaDu Thyagaraja
13. dAchukO nee pAdAlaku Annamacharya
14. darishanam tandE Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
15. durgaalakshmee saraswati Papanasam Sivan
16. Emani varNinchu nokO Annamacharya
17. Emani varNinchunu Annamacharya
18. gOvindan avatAram Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
19. gOvindASrita gOkula Annamacharya
20. iduvE enakku Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
21. ipuDaina nannu Thyagaraja
22. Jayadeva Ashtapathi 17 - Yaahi Madhava or Rajani Janita Jayadeva
23. koDukkak-kaNNan Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
24. kuzhalE nI Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
25. madhukaiTabha Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
26. mahaprabhO sri Papanasam Sivan
27. marakata maNimaya Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
28. maravanu nE ninu G N Balasubramaniam
29. naa moralanu Thyagaraja
30. nAdasudhA rasambilanu Thyagaraja
31. ninnE nera namminnu Thyagaraja
32. Oh raajeevaakshha Thyagaraja
33. Oh raamaa Oh raamaa Thyagaraja
34. OrAnnoruvan Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
35. paalimpa ravEdhElaraa Pallavi Sesha Iyer
36. padmanAbha pAhi Swathi Thirunal
37. palukavEmi pathitha Thyagaraja
38. pashupatim ugram Harikesanallur Muthiah Bhagavathar
39. pathiki mangaLa Thyagaraja
40. paTTAbhiSEkam Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
41. praNavaakaram Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
42. rAsa maNDalam Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
43. rErE sree raamachandra (geetham) Paidala Gurumurti Shastry
44. sAdincane Thyagaraja
45. sakala lOka (seventh AvaraNam) Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
46. Sri ramaNa vibhO Swathi Thirunal
47. srI saraswathi namOsthuthE Muthuswami Dikshitar
48. sundari ninu Thyagaraja
49. unnilum enakkoru Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
50. vADi tOzhi Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
51. vandAr guru Oothukadu Venkata Subbaiyer
52. vElavaa vaa vaa Koteeswara Iyer
53. yaadava raaya Kanaka Dasa





Film songs on Arabi Raga:

S.No.SongsMovieLanguage
1. aasaik kiLiyE araikkilO puLiyE Tamil
2. Aeri Karayin Maeley Poravaley Mudhalaali Tamil
3. brindaavanamum nandakumaaranum missiyammaa Tamil
4. Erikkaraiyin mElE pOravaLE peN mudalaaLi Tamil
5. jadi bEdam kaatavaraayan Tamil
6. sandakkavigaL paaDiDum manadil meTTi Tamil

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